Rani-ki-Vav, on the banks of the Saraswati River, was initially built as a memorial to a king in the 11th century AD. Rani-ki-Vav was built at the height of craftsmens’ ability in stepwell construction and the Maru-Gurjara architectural style, reflecting mastery of this complex technique and great beauty of detail and proportions.
Patan is one of the best city in Gujarat, India. And Rani Ki vav is one of the greatest historical place of India and Gujarat. Which is located on the banks of the SaraSwati River in Patan. It’s impresses not only with its architectural structure and technological achievements in water sourcing and structural stability, but also in particular with its sculptural decoration, of true artistic mastery.
The build of rani Ki vav decided by widowed queen udayamati in the memory of her husband king Bhimdev. He was belonged to Solanki dynasty. Rani Udayamati has completed the construction of vav in 1063. This stepwell become famous as Rani Ki vav because of this amazing stepwell was built by Rani Udayamati. It is a single component, water management system divided into seven levels of stairs and sculptural panels of high artistic and winning quality.
it is an outstanding example of a Underground stepwell construction and represents a prime example of an architectural type of water appliance and storage system which is widely distributed across the Indian subcontinent. In the case of this stepwell, the functional aspects of this architectural typology were combined with a temple-like structure celebrating the sanctity of water as a venerated natural element and the depiction of highest-quality Brahmanic deities.
After construction of stepwell was flooded bySaraswati River. In 1980 Archaeological Survey of India found the Rani Ki Vav with awesome carving. And then by looking at the construction of Stepwell it was renovated.
It is also celebrate Rani Ki Vav festival is proposed to be held in the month of December or January every year. Will be some of the highlights of this festival is Special lighting and décor at the site, Cultural Programmes of Dance and Music, Setting up of a market for street shopping of local products, Food festival offering the most exquisite local cuisines and Exhibition of local arts and crafts.
This stepwell in UNESCO Wordls heritage site list